Yesterday (25/5/2017), UKIP published their General Election Manifesto. That completes the quartet of the main parties, so it seemed an opportune time to analyse and comment on them so far as they affect transport in London. That is of course the sole concern of this blog so any diversion into wider political issues will be avoided so far as is practical.
UKIP. Let’s start with UKIPs (subtitled “Britain Together”) as that contains more specifics than the other parties and has a separate Chapter on Transport. It suggests they would:
- Scrap HS2 on the basis that it is unaffordable, will blight homes and will only save a few minutes on a London to Leeds trip.
- End all road tolls on the basis that they are an unfair burden on the already highly taxed road user. That would presumably include scrapping the London Congestion Charge, the ULEZ and proposed tolls on the Dartford and Blackwall Crossings.
- They oppose the proposed new Thames Crossing at Thurrock and would move it further east through Canvey Island.
- They would encourage zero emission vehicles by providing more supporting infrastructure.
- They would prevent diesel vehicle owners from being penalised through higher taxes and parking fines, but they support a diesel scrappage scheme and incentives for diesel vehicle owners to exchange them for electric or hybrid models.
- They do not support the expansion of Heathrow Airport and would encourage the expansion of smaller regional airports (such as development of Manston in Kent).
In summary, it’s very much a “pro-motorist” transport agenda.
Another aspect of their manifesto is the commitment to “balance migration”, effectively reducing inward migration to zero over 5 years (and thereafter only a “one in, one out” policy as the media dubbed it). This would of course relieve the pressure in the longer term on the transport network (both road and rail), which suffers from major congestion in London mainly because of massive increases in passenger demand in recent years.
Conservative & Unionist (“Forward Together”). This party’s manifesto is short on specifics, perhaps because their policies are very much a continuation of existing ones and because they seem to be relying more on the winning personality of Theresa May rather than vote winning policies. But there are a few comments on transport as follows:
- They will continue to invest £40 billion in transport projects, including: a) HS2, b) Northern Powerhouse Rail, c) Expansion of Heathrow Airport, d) Development of the strategic road network including extra lanes on motorways.
- They want almost every car and van to be zero emission by 2050, and will invest £600 million to achieve it by 2020.
- Rail capacity will be increased (but the specifics are lacking).
- More money to support cycle networks and cycle parking at railway stations will be provided. (How much? It does not say).
Yes that seems to be about it.
Labour (“For the Many, Not the Few”). As one might expect, the Labour Party has a strong commitment to invest more in infrastructure, communications and energy systems. That includes:
- Completion of HS2 to Leeds/Manchester and then on to Scotland.
- A new Brighton Main Line.
- Build Crossrail 2 in London.
- Bring the railways back into public ownership (i.e. renationalise them).
- They will cap public transport fares, introduce free Wi-Fi across the rail network and stop driver-only operation of trains.
- They will support investment in low emission vehicles.
- On airport capacity in the South-East, they “welcome the work done by the Airports Commission” and don’t seem to rule out expansion of Heathrow if noise and air quality issues “can be addressed”.
- They will “refocus” the roads building and maintenance programmes on “connecting communities” and “feeding public transport hubs”.
- There will be a stronger focus on road safety improvement targets with “bold measures” to improve safety standards.
How some of this programme might be funded I will leave others to comment on.
Liberal Democrat (“Change Britain’s Future”). The Liberal Democrats focus on “clean air and green transport”. Specifics include:
- Support for a diesel scrappage scheme and encouragement of the swift take-up of electric and driverless vehicles.
- Extending Ultra Low Emission Zones (ULEZs) to ten more cities.
- All PHVs and buses in urban areas to run on ultra low or zero emission fuels within 5 years.
- Reform of vehicle taxation to encourage electric and low emission vehicles.
- Establish Government run companies to take over Southern Rail and Govia Thameslink due to severe failings of existing franchisees.
- Proceed with HS2, HS3 and Crossrail 2.
- Support the takeover of metro services in London by London Overground.
- They are opposed to expansion of Heathrow, Stansted or Gatwick and want to improve regional airports.
- Design cities as safe and attractive walking spaces.
To summarise therefore, all the parties support the promotion of zero emission (electric) vehicles. They all support more rail capacity in one form or another, but only UKIP would specifically cancel HS2. UKIP is “against” more things as one might expect from a populist protest party whereas the Conservatives have gone more for a “positive vision” with lots of the written equivalents of “sound-bites” using words such as “strong”, “stable” and “prosperous”. Actually interpreting what these fine words will mean in practice can be more difficult. The Labour and LibDem manifestos are very much in their traditional mode and hence might appeal more to their existing supporters than new ones. The impact of any party which might win the national election might be limited in London though as the Mayor is very much a dictator and can introduce his own policies and taxation (disguised as “charges”) to a great extent.
Perhaps it might be better to have a right-wind central Government to control the excesses of a left-leaning Mayor (look at some of the quite disastrous changes under Livingstone). But no doubt readers can all make their own minds up after reading the manifestos which are all available on the web.